London, the capital city of England, makes it possible for all age groups to admire the city through its lush green parks, museums with unique collections and the unique atmosphere created by the River Thames. You can find out which places will make your stay enjoyable with its rich content in the list of places to visit in London and you can easily plan your vacation.
1. Big Ben & Westminster Palace
You can write the Big Ben & Westminster Palace, one of the most important landmarks of the city, on the top of your list of London attractions. The Big Ben, named after the 14-ton bell, was designed by Augustus Pugin. The Gothic clock tower, which has 11 floors and a height of 96.3 meters, was built as part of the renovation work after the palace was severely damaged by a fire in 1834. You can easily hear the sound of the bell that was used in 1859 from 14 kilometers away. The Palace of Westminster, where Parliament held its meetings, was first built in 1016 for the royal family. The magnificent structure, which became unusable after the fire disasters of 1512 and 1834, gained its present appearance as a result of 30 years of rebuilding under the supervision of Charles Barry. The entrance to the palace has 1,100 rooms. It’s from the Stephen Tower.
2. The London Eye
It takes 20 minutes to complete the tour of the entertainment vehicle, which has 32 capsules placed on it to represent each district of London. Each capsule has a capacity of 25 people, thanks to the large size of the tour participants can easily walk around. In 2013, in honor of the 60th anniversary of Queen Elizabeth on the throne, I recommend you to ride one of the capsules called “Coronation Capsule dol if you don’t have height fear. Because during the tour, you have the chance to witness the sights you will not see anywhere else. In my opinion, it is necessary to ride the London Eye at the beginning of things to do in London because this is one of the places where you can enjoy the unique view of the city. The London Eye is crowded, but you can also buy your ticket online.
3. British Museum
The British Museum, considered the oldest in the world in its field, was founded in 1753 after the British government bought the collection owned by physician and naturalist Sir Hans Sloane. After the donations of the Counts of Oxford Edward and Robert Harley and Sir Robert Bruce Cotton, the museum expanded its collection considerably and opened to visitors in Montagu House in 1759. The collection of the world-famous cultural facility, which was moved to the current building designed by Sir Robert Smirke in 1847, is divided into four main sections. Among these sections, the Department of Antiquities draws the most attention, while the ethnographic collection called the Museum of Humanity is on display in a separate structure. In the section focused on antiquity, you can examine the findings of Prehistoric England, Ancient Greece, Rome, Egypt and Medieval Europe. Historical artifacts brought from Anatolia are exhibited in room 54.
4. Tower of London
Another landmark to add to your list of London attractions is the Tower of London on the north bank of the River Thames. The White Tower, the oldest and most important part of the building, was built in 1078 on the orders of William I. Designed as a royal palace and a prison where royal criminals are detained, the tower is surrounded by defensive walls during Richard the Lionheart. Later sections built by different rulers were destroyed by Oliver Cromwellroms orders. The Tower of London, which has fallen into disrepair at the time of the Tudor Dynasty, famous for its sensations, has been open to public visits as a museum since the 19th century. In the museum where royal jewels are exhibited, you may have the privilege to see up close to 141 precious items used by the rulers on their way to the UK.
5. Tower Bridge
Tower Bridge, built between 1886-1894, is known as the world’s most famous scale-type bridge. Due to its proximity to the Tower of London, the bridge was named Horace Jones and John Barry. Two wings can be opened at any time by means of a hydraulic device to prevent the structure from entering the port. The two-storey bridge, which was considered an engineering marvel at the time of its construction, has separate roads for pedestrians and vehicles. The exhibition, which was opened to the public in 1982, provides detailed information about its historical and technical details. As you climb the glass walkway between the 2 towers, you can enjoy the unique view of the River Thames.
6. St. Paul’s Cathedral
Centrally located in the Archbishop of London St. Paul’s Cathedral impresses with its history as much as its magnificence. The 1600-year-old religious building was rebuilt 5 times due to fires and extensive renovation processes. The construction of the cathedral, which survived to the present day, started in 1675, following the design of the architect Christopher Wren after the Great London Fire of 1666. Although the first rite was held in 1697, the official opening was held in 1708, which corresponds to the 76th birthday of the architect. The cathedral used by the British Royal Family many times for important ceremonies such as funerals, baptisms and weddings is frequently exhibited by various artists. Visitors to the religious structure also show great interest in architecturally interesting sections such as the Whisper Gallery and High Altar.